When you think about your job search, what comes to mind? Looking online for openings?
While this is a start, know that many jobs go unadvertised. If you rely only on openings posted on the internet, you will be missing opportunities. Plus, once a job is posted, it is open to everyone. Being proactive and reaching out to organizations to show your interest (before a job is advertised) can help you stand out and get known. Informational interviews are a great tool to help you do this.
Bottom line: Get out from behind your computer, talk with alumni, go to networking events, and meet people working in your field to learn more about the world of work and employment opportunities. Because a large number of jobs are never posted, proactive job search strategies such as networking are critical for your success!
Getting Started with Proactive Strategies
- Know the type of work you want to pursue. Visit our Career Exploration page for more on this.
- Search for organizations that can offer you that type of work. If you have a preference for where you would like to live after graduation, research companies in that city.
- Find professionals working in those companies to reach out to for informational interviews. Ask people you know if they know of a contact, search for alumni or other connections using LinkedIn, cold call or e-mail a professional.
Using Reactive Strategies
Find a few websites to visit regularly to find openings to apply for. Below are some examples of websites to review.
- DuckConnect: Employers interested in hiring UO students post part- and full-time job opportunities (and internships) here
- Indeed.com allows you to search job postings listed on non-password protected employment websites. Enter your desired location and key words
- Idealist.org: This website provides listings of nonprofit, NGOs, and government work available across the globe
- USA Jobs: Provides federal, state, county, and city government jobs (these entities seek people who have studies and can do work in a variety of fields)
- Going Global: A resource for people interested in working internationally. You will need to sign in with your Duck ID to access this tool
The following are samples of websites connected with specific fields:
Department of the History of Art and Architecture
School of Architecture & Environment
- American Institute of Architects
- American Society of Landscape Architects
- International Interior Design Association
School of Art + Design
- Regional Arts Councils
- Industrial Designers of America
- ResArtis, aworldwide network of artist residencies
School of Planning, Public Policy and Management
A variety of resources for PPPM students
- Prepare a résumé and cover letter or portfolio
- Work on your interview skills
- Make an appointment with a Student Services career advisor by coming to 105 Lawrence Hall or by e-mailing us
- Take a class to explore interests, prepare for and conduct the job search (1- and 2-credit classes available)
Many of the College of Design programs either strongly encourage or require students to complete an internship. The Student Services office is here to help students through this process, from guidance on identifying areas and associated organizations of interest, to pursuing and negotiating opportunities. Once a student has secured an internship, particularly if for credit, our office provides students and employers with documents and steps to ensure that all parties understand expectations and desired outcomes before the internship begins. We also are here as a resource both for employers and students during the duration of the internship, should questions or a need for support arise.
|Goal: Gain entry to income career path||Goal: Gain direct work experience in chosen field|
|Required skills: Specified skills aligned with job requirements and pay scale||Required skills: Specific skills identified and brokered as trade for mentorship and learning opportunity|
|Level of commitment: High—typically 2-weeks' minimum notice for termination, longer for more professional levels||Level of commitment: Committed period of time|
|Pay rate: Typically adjusted by industry and skill or experience level||Pay rate: From none to paid; other benefits negotiable such as stipend, travel, housing, access to resources or events|
NOTE: The field of Architecture typically uses the term "Internship" to define a paid professional position after graduation as an "Intern Architect." However, students in architecture do participate in paid experiential learning during the academic year, and these positions are sometimes referred to as "internships" but are at the student level. Check with your department to clarify current policy on pregraduation paid and unpaid, credit and non/credit experiences and consult with NCARB for regulations toward licensure.
Academic Credit: How do I earn it for my internship?
Some employers require that you are enrolled as a student and earn academic credit while completing their internship. If your site doesn't require it, then it is up to you to decide if you want to pursue credit for your internship (you can complete an internship simply for the experience and may choose not to enroll for credit).
If you want academic credit, you will need to begin this process prior to the start of your internship. First, check with your major department to learn if they will grant you credit. Typically, you will earn 1 credit for every 30 hours worked. Your department will also ask that you work under a faculty supervisor, and typically you are required to complete academic work along with the work you are completing at the site. Each department approaches internships differently, so be sure to talk with them about their individual requirements.
If you find that for whatever reason your department will not grant you credit for your internship, please inquire at the Student Services office or contact firstname.lastname@example.org for other options to earn credit. We are located in 105 Lawrence Hall.
Note: Though some employers say that they can offer academic credit for your internship, it is only your university that can grant the credit. Therefore, you need to go through the steps listed above to begin the process.
Compensation: Do I get paid?
Some internship sites will compensate their interns while other sites choose not to or simply don't have the resources to do so. Compensation can take the form of an hourly salary, a one-time stipend, housing, reimbursement for travel expenses, or organization perks (e.g., tickets to their events).
As an applicant, you will need to decide what you are comfortable with in terms of compensation. Some students are able to participate in an unpaid internship while others need to be paid in order to meet their monthly expenses. Other students might intern part-time (unpaid) and work another part-time job (paid). Consider your individual circumstances to evaluate what you can afford.
Know that you can always ask about compensation even if it isn't mentioned. When negotiating, which is typically done after you and the organization have decided that a match has been found. Approach this with an attitude of compromise and finding a solution that works for you and the company.
If you are pursuing an unpaid internship, federal guidelines for unpaid internships have been created to help protect an unpaid intern and ensure that the experience is about learning for the student rather than unpaid labor for the company. When evaluating an internship, consider how the company's internship measures up to these expectations.
Federal guidelines for unpaid internships from the US Department of Labor:
There are some circumstances under which individuals who participate in "for-profit" private sector internships or training programs may do so without compensation.
The following six criteria must be applied when making this determination:
- The internship, even though it includes actual operation of the facilities of the employer, is similar to training that would be given in an educational environment
- The internship experience is for the benefit of the intern
- The intern does not displace regular employees, but works under close supervision of existing staff
- The employer who provides the training derives no immediate advantage from the activities of the intern; and on occasion its operations may actually be impeded
- The intern is not necessarily entitled to a job at the conclusion of the internship
- The employer and the intern understand that the intern is not entitled to wages for the time spent in the internship
What is an internship learning agreement?
It is important to know what is expected of both you and your site supervisor during the internship. Additionally, to ensure that you gain the skills and knowledge you want from your internship, it is important to create learning goals for your experience and talk with the supervisor about what you would like to accomplish. To help you understand expectations and create goals, Student Services offers a Learning Agreement that you can use for your internship.
Use the agreement to help structure a conversation with your site supervisor. You might review student and supervisor responsibilities together and discuss your goals. Your supervisor may be able to help you come up with onsite tasks that will help you meet your goals.
What is liability?
Liability refers to responsibility for you and your actions while on site (e.g., if you are in an accident). If you are employed (paid by your employer for your internship) by your site, then the company will cover you, as they will with all of their employees. You should check with your site supervisor to determine if the organization or company provides this coverage for interns.
The Internship Learning Agreement contains a liability statement stipulating that the university is not liable for interns. However, if required by the internship provider, the university may be able to provide liability insurance for specific cases (the internship must meet certain criteria).
Please contact the University Office of Risk Services to find out more information.
What is international travel insurance?
If you are traveling abroad for your internship (not through an IE3 internship), consider purchasing travel insurance offered through the University Office of Safety and Risk Services. This insurance coverage includes accident and sickness, security evacuation, emergency medical evacuation, trip cancellation, trip interruption, and travel assistance.
Internship Search Resources
Be sure to research organizations that you would like to intern for and proactively connect with them: check their websites for internship postings, call them to ask about internships, outreach to someone working at the organization for an informational interview. Check LinkedIn for UO alums working at the organization to reach out to.
Review all of the links provided in the Jobs section. Often internships and jobs are posted on the same websites.
IE3 Global Internships: IE3 provides opportunities to intern abroad while earning academic credit
Internships.com: Nationwide internship database
Take a class to explore interests, prepare for and conduct the internship search (1- and 2-credit classes available).
Volunteering is a great way to gain skills and experience, network, explore organizations, and give back to the community. Consider your field of interest and research organizations (typically non-profits) that might benefit from your contribution. Below are some examples of local organizations:
- Lane Arts Council
- Museums: Lane County Historical Society, Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art, Museum of Natural and Cultural History
- Maude Kerns Art Center
- Oregon Contemporary Theater
- OSLP Arts and Culture program
- Architects in Schools
- Nearby Nature
- Habitat for Humanity
- Food for Lane County
- United Way of Lane County
- 4J School District